in the brief story, O. Henry used more than a few literary devices similar to personification:“Mr. Pneumonia used to be not what you might name a chivalric old gentleman.”1, and simile: “… stated Johnsy, closing her eyes, and lying white and still as a fallen statue.“1 What’s outstanding in O. Henry’s writing style is his ability of making the ivy ‘leaf’ very symbolical and essential throughout the story. This specific leaf symbolizes Johnsy’s life all through the story. This leaf is a habitual motif which additionally signifies hope, both for the stated persona and the readers. This symbolism shows that the piece, indeed, has sublimity, since it possesses excellence in using language, extra specifically, via using sure kinds of figures of speech with appropriateness. The figurative language certainly provides grandeur to the piece, similar to within the stated excerpts above. These figures of speech don’t simply serve as pure beautifier to the piece but these function contributors to the creative which means of the story. Longinus emphasized that figures of speech will have to be used with sure function and now not simply as mere ornaments. hence, these will have to be used accurately all through the story to serve their purpose. in the quick story, pneumonia is decsribed as an opposite of a ‘chivalric outdated gentleman’.1 Merriam-Webster defines chivalric or chivalrous, as a “consideration and courtesy, especially towards girls”.The disease, can not be considered chivalric because  it had led to Johnsy’s struggling and hopelessness. alternatively, Mr. Behrman became the manner in saving Johnsy’s existence and in ending her struggling, thru portray the ivy leaf. therefore, Mr. Behrman may also be considered as the “chivalric previous gentleman” not like pneumonia, and is exactly the illness’s excellent reverse, as the story implies. hence, using figures of speech did not simply enhance the piece or falsely imply one thing, since the figurative language used has an immediate bearing to the that means of the story, which used to be magnificently centered by way of its author. in addition, this additionally echoes nobility in diction, considering that metaphors and personifications are correctly used within the story, with the right kind use of words, which in flip may give an excellent impact to the readers.

Literary sublimity can be outlined because the “expression of an ideal spirit”2 or exhibiting the act of benevolence. Mr. Behrman, serving as the story’s hero, showed a great spirit in making his best masterpiece, which is painting “the remaining leaf”. This leads in giving Johnsy the hope and courage to continue her existence, as resembled by way of the remaining ivy leaf-

“and then they found a lantern, still lighted, and a ladder that had been dragged from its situation, and a few scattered brushes, and a palette with green and yellow colours blended on it, and-appear out the window, dear, at the ultimate ivy leaf on the wall.”1

this is indubitably an ideal act of benevolence, because it reflects very lofty ideas of the writer, accordingly proves that this piece has a grander of idea. it is most definitely the author’s innate potential to produce such ideas when you consider that O. Henry was once able to conceptualize a personality like Mr. Behrman, who is slightly admirable for his surprising however noble and sort deeds. this option makes this short story some of the memorable items of all time. This paves the way in which for the story to have its moral or lesson to be able to go away a mark in every reader’s heart. through the writer’s natural writing prowess caused by his creativity and creativeness, this piece stimulates the reader’s emotions and feelings, and as a consequence fulfills the second supply of sublimity which is the “capacity for sturdy thoughts”.3

finally, literary sublimity has “the ability to impress ecstasy”2 in one’s reader. O. Henry’s amazing writing type of making an odd ending indisputably incites happiness and extreme pleasure. The story provokes ecstasy to the readers when Johnsy is ready to are living since the ivy leaf stays, (though just painted) due to Mr. Behrman’s act of benevolence. most significantly, the old man has fulfilled his dream to make the best masterpiece of his lifestyles, and indeed an ideal masterpiece, for it has saved a existence which was once as soon as in danger. this gives the reader a sense of ecstasy, because the ultimate line of the story goes-

“didn’t you wonder why it by no means fluttered or moved when the wind blew? Ah, darling, it can be Behrman’s masterpiece-he painted it there the evening the remaining leaf fell.”1

In entirety, with lofty ideas, powerful feelings, applicable figures of speech and diction, this short story is thought to be a dignified composition. These sources of sublimity which might be existing in this quick story made a bit with excellence in substance. As Longinus mentioned, “Sublimity is a undeniable difference and excellence in expression.” actually, Longinus’ literary sublimity is mirrored in O. Henry’s “The remaining Leaf”.


supply by using Charles Brent Magpayo